A Comprehensive Analysis of Options for a Fair Heat Transition in Austria – Fair Heat

"Fair Heat" aims at contributing to the research on the distributional dimension of the energy transition. Specifically, we will focus on the following four research questions: By which combinations of measures can a decarbonisation of residential buildings be achieved until 2040, with explicit consideration of district heating and cooling (including simplified estimated heat island effects in urban areas) as well as the interaction with the electricity sector? What are the investment needs for the decarbonisation of residential buildings? How much investment is required in the buildings sector and how much in the energy supply infrastructure? To which extent are measures needed to support vulnerable households in the heat transition, mitigating the burden from high investment costs for building side measures and potentially higher costs for district heating? What are suitable mechanisms, considering economic efficiency and the fairness criteria, for distributing the costs of decarbonisation between different actors?