Socially Fair Options for a Climate Neutral Transformation of Housing and Mobility in Austria (TransFair-AT)
Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Auftraggeber: Klima- und Energiefonds
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Universität für Bodenkultur Wien – e-think – Zentrum für Energiewirtschaft und Umwelt – Technische Universität Wien, Institut für OR und Ökonometrie
The Austrian government strives for achieving greenhouse gas neutrality in the transport and the buildings sector by 2040.
Achieving a complete decarbonisation within such a short time period will be challenging for both sectors: in the transport
sector the trend of rising emissions must be reversed; in the building sector the building stock must be thermally improved
and heating systems must completely shift towards renewable energy sources. The introduction of policy instruments to decarbonise
the housing and mobility sectors will entail different effects for different household groups depending on several (socio-economic)
aspects. The (presumed) regressivity of policy instruments (most notably fiscal measures) in these areas very often impedes
an evidence-based discussion on the political level and is used as an argument against the implementation of respective measures.
By linking a macroeconomic model with a vehicle choice model, a transport demand model and a building stock model, in TransFair-AT
we will analyse policy scenarios achieving a full decarbonisation of housing and mobility in Austria by 2040. We will assess
the emission impacts as well as the macroeconomic and distributional effects of policy sets on different household types and
develop measures to compensate vulnerable groups ensuring that the disposable income of disadvantaged household groups is
Forschungsbereich:Arbeitsmarkt, Einkommen und soziale Sicherheit – Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Energie