Both the UN SDGs and the Paris Agreement imply ambitious long-term targets which only can be met with a fundamental restructuring
of economic and social systems. We propose a set of energy and climate policy indicators that allows informed policy making
and goes beyond the approaches that mainly focus on progress based on the UN indicator set. The sustainable energy indicators
cover the whole energy system as well as the three dimensions of sustainability. The approach combines an energy service centred
perspective with research on energy and climate indicators and embeds the indicator framework in broader socio-ecologic context.
For the four demand-side sectors a set of 118 high-level energy indicators has been assembled that can be further disaggregated
to about 387 indicators. For electricity and heat supply a set of 25 energy indicators has been compiled that can be further
disaggregated to about 130 indicators differentiating by energy source and plant type. Interactions (i.e., synergies and conflicts)
between the different target dimensions and the corresponding indicators need to be carefully considered. Given the complexity
of the issue and the lack of adequate indicators and gaps in data availability it is difficult to interpret certain observable
trends. This needs to be kept in mind when using the indicator system for policy analysis.
Forschungsbereich:Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Energie
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Institut für Höhere Studien
The project ClEP (in the framework of the Austrian Climate Research Programme ACRP) focuses on improved measurement approaches
in the context of the Paris Climate Agreement and the UN Sustainable Development Goals aiming at designing operational indicators
that emphasise the role of energy services instead of energy flows for welfare with a focus on energy services in residential
buildings, mobility and manufacturing; coverage of the three dimensions of sustainable development; discussion of interdependencies
between indicators and specification of synergies and trade-offs; development of composite indices for climate and energy
policy progress covering all dimensions of sustainable development.