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Thomas Leoni, René Böheim
Sickness and disability policies: Reform paths in OECD countries between 1990 and 2014
International Journal of Social Welfare, 2017, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ijsw.12295/abstract
Online seit: 19.12.2017 0:00
We analysed sickness and disability policies for the working-age population in a number of OECD countries, between the years 1990 and 2014. Existing evidence suggests that there has been a broad shift in focus from passive income maintenance to employment incentives and reintegration policies. We have updated detailed policy scores provided by the OECD to estimate model-based country clusters. Our results indicate that countries have pursued different types of reforms consisting of a combination of integration and compensation measures. The reforms of recent decades have led to the emergence of a distinct cluster of Northern and Continental European countries characterised by a combination of strong employment-oriented policies and comparatively high social protection levels. An analysis of recent reforms shows a continued expansion of measures that foster employment as well as instances of retrenchment in the compensation dimension. Diversity of policy settings across country groups, however, remains substantial.
Keywords:OECD, TP_Alterung_Gesundheit disability policy, compensatory measures, labour market integration, model-based clustering, social policy reforms
Forschungsbereich:Arbeitsmarktökonomie, Einkommen und soziale Sicherheit