We estimate the causal impact of restructuring aid granted by the European Commission between 2003 and 2012 on the survival
and financial viability of aided firms. Using a comprehensive data set we find that restructuring aid increases a firm's average
survival time by 8 to 15 years and decreases the hazard rate by 58 to 68 percent, depending on the definition of firm survival.
Further analysis finds strong support that, in the longer run, aid receiving firms have a significantly higher probability
to improve their financial viability than the counterfactual group.