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Cooperative pricing in spatially differentiated markets
Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2018, S.51-67, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166046216303568
The empirical literature on mergers, market power and cooperation in differentiated markets has mainly focused on methods relying on output and/or panel data. In contrast to this literature we propose an approach to analyse cooperative behaviour among a group of firms only by making use of information on the spatial structure of a horizontally differentiated market. Using spatial econometrics techniques we focus on differences in the pricing behaviour between different groups of firms, i.e., alliance and stand-alone firms. We apply this method to the market for ski lift tickets using a unique data set on ticket prices and detailed resort-specific characteristics covering all ski resorts in Austria. We show that prices of ski resorts forming alliances are higher and increase with the size and towards the spatial center of an alliance. Interaction in pricing is higher within than outside alliances. All results are in line with the findings of theoretical models on non-competitive pricing behaviour in horizontally differentiated markets.
JEL-Codes:C21, D43, L11, L41, L83, R32
Keywords:Strategic alliances, Cooperation, Collusion, Spatial Differentiation, Ski lift ticket prices
Forschungsbereich:Strukturwandel und Regionalentwicklung – Industrieökonomie, Innovation und internationaler Wettbewerb