Klara Zwickl, Franziska Disslbacher, Sigrid Stagl (WU Wien)
Work-sharing for a Sustainable Economy. WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 111
WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, Jänner 2016, 29 Seiten
Studie von: Projekt-Konsortium WWWforEurope
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft mbH – Österreichische Austauschdienst-GesmbH
Achieving low unemployment in an environment of weak growth is a major policy challenge; a more egalitarian distribution of hours worked could be the key to solving it. Whether work-sharing actually increases employment, however, has been debated controversially. In this article we present stylised facts on the distribution of hours worked and discuss the role of work-sharing for a sustainable economy. Building on recent developments in labour market theory we review the determinants of working long hours and its effect on well-being. Finally, we survey work-sharing reforms in the past. While there seems to be a consensus that worksharing in the Great Depression in the USA and in the Great Recession in Europe was successful in reducing employment losses, perceptions of the work-sharing reforms implemented between the 1980ies and early 2000ies are more ambivalent. However, even the most critical evaluations of these reforms provide no credible evidence of negative employment effects; instead, the overall success of the policy seems to depend on the economic and institutional setting, as well as the specific details of its implementation.
Forschungsbereich:Arbeitsmarkt, Einkommen und soziale Sicherheit