We raise fundamental questions about macroeconomics relevant to escaping the financial and economic crisis and shifting to
a sustainable economy. First, the feasibility of decoupling environmental pressure from aggregate income is considered. Decoupling
as a single environmental strategy is found to be very risky. Next, three main arguments for economic growth are examined:
growth as progress, growth to avoid economic instability, and growth to offset unemployment due to labour productivity improvements.
For each, we offer orthodox, heterodox and new responses. Attention is paid to progress indicators, feedback mechanisms affecting
business cycles, and strategies to limit unemployment without the need for growth. Besides offering an economy-wide angle,
we discuss the role of housing and mortgage markets in economic cyclicality. Finally, interactions between real economic and
financial-monetary spheres are studied. This includes money creation, capital allocation and trade-offs between efficiency
and operating costs of financial systems. Throughout, environmental and transition implications are outlined.
Keywords:financial-monetary system, GDP information, housing-mortgage markets, macroeconomics, positive and negative feedbacks, productivity
Forschungsbereich:Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Energie