Impact of Digitalisation on the Occupational Task Structure in Austria. Results Based on Employment

The structural analysis of the task content of Austrian employment revealed a relatively stable pattern between jobs characterised by routine (40 percent) and non-routine tasks (60 percent) over the past two decades. There is a gradual structural change away from manual job tasks. Changes in the occupational task structure are associated with the digitalisation of the Austrian economy, which mirrors automation processes in manufacturing. Industries with a high digital intensity have a lower share of occupations with mainly manual tasks. Investments in computer and communications equipment drive the shift from occupations with manual routine tasks towards occupations with analytical and interactive non-routine tasks. The manual routine tasks most at risk from digitalisation or automation are usually carried out by low-skilled workers.