In 2012, the recession shaped the development of unit labour costs in Austria. Labour costs in the manufacturing of goods
increased by 3.2 percent, while labour productivity developed very weakly (+0.1 percent). This represents a rise in unit labour
costs of about 3 percent. However, Austria's international competitiveness compared to the average of all trading partners,
as well as to Germany, improved slightly in 2012 because productivity developed even less favourably among the trading partners.
Research group:Industrial Economics, Innovation and International Competition – Labour Market, Income and Social Security