PIAAC Expert Report: Formal Over-qualification of Workers and their Influencing Factors

We define overqualification as the state of being in a job for which the required qualification to get the job is below. The results imply the heterogeneity within the group of over-qualified employees. There are people who can make good use of their skills, whereas others experience underutilisation of skills. Last but not least, it has been indicated how important it is to gain skills, formal education and experiences for competing on the labour market.