In the context of research on long-run transformations, such as the low-carbon energy transformation, research interest is
growing on how to define and measure human well-being meaningfully. The working paper provides a thorough discussion of the
literature on well-being and human needs in the context of energy consumption and confronts this scientific discourse with
the concept of energy services, or functionalities. Based on a thorough literature review and a comprehensive stakeholder
consultation process, we show, that energy services represent the crucial link between energy use (and related GHG emissions)
and human need satisfaction.
Research group:Environment, Agriculture and Energy