The paper addresses the issue of convergence with the EU for nine countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova,
Serbia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Montenegro and Ukraine. They are all at different stages of EU
candidacy which could eventually lead to full membership. Some are officially recognised as candidate countries while others
are at the stage of an association agreement. The presence of convergence is examined in terms of two macroeconomic indices:
GDP per capita and GDP per person employed. Panel unit root tests as well as univariate unit root tests are estimated for
the period 1997-2016. In broad terms, the empirical findings reported herein indicate a lack of convergence with the EU irrespective
of the metric used. However, they indicate a process of in-group convergence mostly in terms of GDP per person employed.
Research group:Macroeconomics and European Economic Policy