Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of Austrian Municipal and Private Waste and Rescource Management

Waste and resource management plays an important role in society as part of services of general interest. Disposal, reuse, waste separation and recycling create local jobs and added value and contribute to high quality and quantity in the recycling of municipal and industrial waste. Due to European legislation (e.g., circular economy package) and global environmental challenges (e.g., climate change, resource efficiency), waste and resource management are becoming increasingly important. The aim of the study is to conduct a comprehensive economic analysis of the current waste and resource economy using the macroeconomic model "WIFO.DYNK" that links monetary and physical data. The environmental relevance and social aspects of waste and resource management are evaluated.