Effectiveness of active labour market policy measures in the business cycle

In view of the tense situation on the labour market, the effect of preventive and reactive labour market policy measures in the business cycle is being investigated on the basis of a literature survey and a counterfactual impact analysis. The subject matter is company integration subsidies, employment projects on the secondary labour market and selected training measures. The methodological approach is based on the question of which instruments are particularly suitable in times of crisis to avoid unemployment or to bring the unemployed into employment and which instruments are particularly effective in times of economic upswing. The results of the study are intended to provide a basis for decisions on the budgetary endowment of labour market policy instruments in the various economic phases. They also serve to review labour market policy instruments with regard to efficiency, employment incentives and reintegration into sustainable employment.