The Evolution of Specialisation in the EU 15 Knowledge Space

Main event: Lectures "WIFO-Extern"
Persons: Jürgen Essletzbichler
Language: Englisch
Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Significant attention has been directed to processes of knowledge production, but little consideration has been given to the type of technological knowledge produced within specific places. Patent co-classification data are employed to measure the distance between all pairs of International Patent Classification categories in order to visualise and to trace the evolution of the EU 15 knowledge space from 1981 to 2005. Technological relatedness measures specify the degree of specialisation of knowledge produced within each NUTS 2 region. Knowledge specialisation has increased significantly across regions since 1981. Changes in the average relatedness of regional knowledge cores are decomposed to reveal the contributions of technological entry, exit and selection processes over space and time. In a final section of the paper, technological diversification and abandonment at the regional level are modeled as a function of proximity to the knowledge core of the region and to knowledge spillovers from neighboring regions.