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WIFO publications: Stefan Ederer (148 hits)

The trade conflict between China and the USA and the crisis in the automotive industry are having a negative impact on industrial activity worldwide. New strict EU emission regulations will continue to create a difficult environment in the future. However, the service sector is proving to be a strong pillar of the economy. In Austria, tourism in particular continues to expand unabated.
WIFO Working Papers, 2020, (599), 46 pages
Online since: 26.04.2020 0:00
The paper builds Distributional National Accounts (DINA) using household survey data. We present a transparent and reproducible methodology to construct DINA whenever administrative tax data are not available for research and apply it to various European countries. By doing so, we build synthetic microdata files which cover the entire distribution, include all income components individually aligned to national accounts, and preserve the detailed socioeconomic information available in the surveys. The methodology uses harmonised and publicly available data sources (SILC, HFCS) and provides highly comparable results. We discuss the methodological steps and their impact on the income distribution. In particular, we highlight the effects of imputations and the adjustment of the variables to national accounts totals. Furthermore, we compare different income concepts of both the DINA and EG-DNA approach of the OECD in a consistent way. Our results confirm that constructing DINA is crucial to get a better picture of the income distribution. Our methodology is well suited to build synthetic microdata files which can be used for policy evaluation like social impact analysis and microsimulation.
We study endogenous employment and distribution dynamics in a Post-Keynesian model of Kalecki-Steindl tradition. Productivity adjustments stabilise employment and the labour share in the long run: technological change allows firms to replenish the reserve army of workers in struggle over income shares and thereby keep wage demands in check. We discuss stability conditions and the equilibrium dynamics. This allows us to study how legal working time and its reduction affect the equilibrium. We find that a demand shock is likely to lower the profit share and increase the employment rate. A supply shock in contrast tends to have detrimental effects on employment and income distribution. Labour market institutions and a working time reduction have no long-term effect on growth, distribution and inflation in the model. The effects on the level of capital stock and output however are positive in a wage-led demand regime. Furthermore, an erosion of labour market institutions dampens inflation temporarily. The model provides possible explanations as to the causes of several current economic phenomena such as secular stagnation, digitalisation, and the break-down of the Philips curve.
Monographs, March 2020, 12 pages
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Online since: 26.03.2020 10:30
Die Coronavirus-Pandemie belastet derzeit die internationale und österreichische Konjunktur. Im 1. Halbjahr 2020 ist weltweit mit deutlichen Einbußen in der Wirtschaftsleistung zu rechnen. Die Auswirkungen hängen wesentlich davon ab, wie lange und in welchem Ausmaß die Maßnahmen zur Eindämmung der Virusübertragung in Kraft bleiben. Im gegenwärtigen Umfeld kann daher nur in Szenarien gerechnet werden. Wenn die aktuellen Maßnahmen bis Ende April in Kraft bleiben, im Mai allmählich aufgehoben werden und sich die Lage im Sommer normalisiert, dürfte die österreichische Wirtschaft 2020 um 2,5% schrumpfen.
Konjunkturindikatoren zeigen bislang kaum Auswirkungen der Coronavirus-Epidemie (Business Cycle Indicators Reveal Hardly Any Effects of the Global Coronavirus Spread So Far)
WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2020, 93(3), pp.155-162
Online since: 10.03.2020 0:00
Der Ausbruch des Coronavirus trifft die Weltwirtschaft in einer Schwächephase, die Konjunktur verlor im IV. Quartal 2019 an Dynamik. In Österreich blieb das Wachstum hingegen stabil. Zu Jahresbeginn hellte sich die Stimmung in den Unternehmen laut WIFO-Konjunkturtest auf. Die Auswirkungen der Coronavirus-Epidemie spiegeln sich darin jedoch noch nicht. Weiterhin günstig entwickelt sich der österreichische Arbeitsmarkt. Die Inflation zog zu Jahresbeginn hingegen deutlich an.
WIFO Bulletin, 2019, 24(15), pp.136-142
Online since: 20.01.2020 9:00
The global cool-down is likely to bottom out gradually. In the USA and the euro area, economic growth in the third quarter was similarly strong as in the previous quarter. Sentiment did not deteriorate further in these countries recently. Economic momentum in Austria has also remained intact to date, with the business activity continuing to grow by 0.2 percent in the third quarter. In the manufacturing sector, however, value added declined. Companies' assessments of the economy have recently stabilised somewhat, although expectations remain sceptical in the manufacturing sector. The recovery on the labour market has slowed since the beginning of the year. Inflation continues to ease.
Vorsichtige Anzeichen einer Konjunkturstabilisierung (Cautious Signs of Economic Stabilisation)
WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2019, 92(12), pp.859-865
Online since: 20.12.2019 10:00
In der Weltwirtschaft dürfte die Abkühlungsphase allmählich zu Ende gehen. In den USA und im Euro-Raum wuchs die Wirtschaft im III. Quartal ähnlich stark wie im Vorquartal. Die Stimmung trübte sich dort zuletzt nicht mehr weiter ein. Auch in Österreich blieb die Konjunkturdynamik bislang intakt, die Wirtschaft wuchs im III. Quartal unverändert um 0,2%. In der Herstellung von Waren sank die Wertschöpfung jedoch. Die Konjunktureinschätzungen der Unternehmen stabilisierten sich jüngst etwas, in der Sachgütererzeugung sind die Erwartungen allerdings weiterhin skeptisch. Die Erholung auf dem Arbeitsmarkt verlangsamt sich seit Jahresbeginn. Die Inflation lässt weiter nach.

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