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All WIFO publications (10166 hits)

Monographs, December 2018, 113 pages
Commissioned by: Hilfswerk Österreich
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Online since: 17.12.2018 11:59
 
Der vorliegende Bericht beleuchtet die derzeitige und künftige ökonomische Bedeutung mobiler Pflege- und Betreuungsdienste in Österreich vor dem Hintergrund des bevorstehenden demographischen Wandels und möglicher politischer Maßnahmen zur Veränderung des Versorgungsmix in der formellen Pflege. Die Studie zeigt einerseits den Status quo mobiler Dienste im nationalen und internationalen Kontext auf und gibt analog zu einer Reihe von weiteren rezenten WIFO-Studien Einblick in den projizierten, österreichweiten Leistungsumfang mobiler Dienste und der Pflegedienste insgesamt bis zum Jahr 2050. Darauf aufbauend wird versucht, in vier Politikszenarien (Verschiebung des Versorgungsmix zugunsten der stationären Pflege, der 24-Stunden-Betreuung und der mobilen Dienste, relative Erhöhung des Potentials für informelle Pflege) die Effekte möglicher Maßnahmen zu quantifizieren, die die Bedeutung der jeweiligen Pflegeformen in unterschiedlichem Ausmaß beeinflussen. Eine Reihe von evidenzbasierten Schlussfolgerungen und Argumenten zeigt abschließend die Bedeutung mobiler Dienste als integraler Bestandteil eines effektiven Pflegesystems auf.
WIFO Working Papers, 2018, (573), 30 pages
Online since: 13.12.2018 0:00
Both the UN SDGs and the Paris Agreement imply ambitious long-term targets which only can be met with a fundamental restructuring of economic and social systems. We propose a set of energy and climate policy indicators that allows informed policy making and goes beyond the approaches that mainly focus on progress based on the UN indicator set. The sustainable energy indicators cover the whole energy system as well as the three dimensions of sustainability. The approach combines an energy service centred perspective with research on energy and climate indicators and embeds the indicator framework in broader socio-ecologic context. For the four demand-side sectors a set of 118 high-level energy indicators has been assembled that can be further disaggregated to about 387 indicators. For electricity and heat supply a set of 25 energy indicators has been compiled that can be further disaggregated to about 130 indicators differentiating by energy source and plant type. Interactions (i.e., synergies and conflicts) between the different target dimensions and the corresponding indicators need to be carefully considered. Given the complexity of the issue and the lack of adequate indicators and gaps in data availability it is difficult to interpret certain observable trends. This needs to be kept in mind when using the indicator system for policy analysis.
Monographs, December 2018, 125 pages
Commissioned by: Federal Chamber of Labour – Austrian Economic Chamber – Federation of Austrian Social Security Institutions
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Online since: 11.12.2018 18:00
 
Der Fehlzeitenreport gibt eine Übersicht über Entwicklung und Verteilung der gesundheitsbedingten Fehlzeiten in Österreich. 2017 waren die Krankenstände gegenüber dem Vorjahr nahezu unverändert, die Beschäftigten verbrachten im Jahresverlauf durchschnittlich 12,5 Kalendertage im Krankenstand. Das entspricht einem Verlust an Jahresarbeitszeit von 3,4%. Der Fehlzeitenreport 2018 behandelt in einem Schwerpunktkapitel das Thema "Präsentismus und Absentismus". Den verfügbaren Daten zufolge ist etwa die Hälfte der österreichischen Beschäftigten im Jahresverlauf mindestens einmal trotz Krankheitssymptomen am Arbeitsplatz. Absentismus, d. h. das Vortäuschen eines Krankenstandes, betrifft einen kleineren Beschäftigtenkreis und ist weniger gut erforscht als Präsentismus, aber ebenfalls ein relevanter Bestandteil der Arbeitswelt. Sowohl Präsentismus als auch Absentismus verursachen Kosten und können kurz- und längerfristige Schäden für die Wirtschaft und die Gesellschaft zur Folge haben.
 
Austria continues to face a favourable economic development in 2018, with a GDP growth rate above the EU average (+3.0 percent according to the latest WIFO short-term forecast). However, following increasing uncertainty which may hamper international trade, economic dynamics are expected to slow down notably in 2019. Business expectations of Austrian construction firms keep improving, which is mirrored in ongoing, albeit slowing down, growth in construction output after the growth peak in 2017. In upcoming years, output is expected to grow in all construction segments. In 2018, residential construction will still be the growth driver, however. After 2019, the civil engineering segment is expected to pick up speed. The non-residential construction segment is also expected to grow steadily until 2021, at slowly declining pace.
 
The latest construction market forecasts presented at the 86th Euroconstruct conference foresee continuing annual growth in construction output in the 19 Euroconstruct member countries until 2021. After the growth peak in 2017, however, construction market growth will slow down from year to year. The growth path is more promising in Eastern Europe, especially in Poland. Among the Western European countries, the outlook is specifically favourable in Portugal, Norway and the Netherlands. Albeit the overall positive forecast, Swedish construction output is predicted to shrink from 2019. In Germany development is expected to turn negative in 2020 after a long period of continuous construction growth. The Euroconstruct Country Report provides more detailed information on the construction market trends and its fundamentals in each of the 19 Euroconstruct member countries until 2021. The forecasts and analyses are presented on the country level and are based on a comparable harmonised dataset for the major construction sectors and indicators. The macroeconomic framework conditions are included additionally. – With contributions by Julia Bachtrögler, Anders Bjerre, Paul Donadieu, Ludwig Dorffmeister, Antonio Coimbra, Tomáš Dubovec, Josep Ramon Fontana, David Frič, Anne Kathrin Funk, Anna Gáspár, Paul Groot, James Hastings, Bengt Henricson, Annette Hughes, Nathalie Kouassi, Michael Klien, Vladimir Lenko, Jean-Pierre Liebaert, Nejra Macic, Ciara Morley, Renaud Muller, Valentin Niçaise, Markku Riihimäki, Radislav Semenov, Mariusz Sochacki, Antonella Stemperini, Michael Weingärtler, Youssef Yacoubi.
 
The construction forecasts presented at the 86th Euroconstruct conference foresee continuing annual growth in construction output in the 19 Euroconstruct member countries until 2021. After a growth peak in 2017, the growth rate of total construction output in 2018 was revised upwards by 1 percentage point to +2.8 percent at constant prices compared to the previous year. Together with the overall economic outlook, construction investment growth is expected to slow down in upcoming years. In 2017 strong construction growth was driven by, especially new, building construction. The growth rate was largest for total residential construction (+5.6 percent), which is expected to decline to +2.8 percent in 2018 and stagnate further in the years towards 2021. Likewise, a slowdown is expected for total non-residential construction in 2018 (+1.5 percent) as well as in subsequent years. A slightly different pattern is foreseen for the civil engineering segment, which is expected to expand extraordinarily by 5.0 percent on average in the Euroconstruct countries in 2018. In the following years, growth rates are predicted to fall as well but continuously exceed those of building construction. The Euroconstruct Summary Report provides a macroeconomic analysis and an overview of the European construction industry by sectors (housing, non-residential construction and civil engineering, new and renovation, respectively) up to 2021. – With contributions by Anders Bjerre, Matijas Kocijan, Valérie Plagnol, Pascal Marlier, Renaud Muller, Valentin Nicaise, Markku Riihimäki, Mariusz Sochacki, Youssef Yacoubi.
WIFO Business Cycle Survey, November 2018, 12 pages
Supported by: European Commission
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Online since: 30.11.2018 14:00
Die Ergebnisse des WIFO-Konjunkturtests vom November 2018 zeigen trotz eines Rückganges weiterhin zuversichtliche Konjunktureinschätzungen der österreichischen Unternehmen. Ausgehend von einem hohen Niveau schätzen die Unternehmen die aktuelle Konjunkturlage etwas schlechter ein. Ihre Erwartungen trüben sich ebenfalls leicht ein. 
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