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Weitere%20Publikationen:%20Matthias%20Firgo (13 hits)

Karl Aiginger, Matthias Firgo
in: Robert Huggins, Piers Thompson, Handbook of Regions and Competitiveness – Contemporary Theories and Perspectives on Economic Development
Book chapters, contributions to collected volumes, Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton, MA, March 2017, pp.155-191, https://www.elgaronline.com/view/9781783475001.00013.xml
Empirical results on the link between growth and diversity in (un)related industries proved to be highly dependent on the specific regional, temporal and econometric context. Using highly disaggregated employment data at the sub-regional level, we find that higher employment growth in Austria is mainly linked to unrelated variety. However, in-depth analyses by sectors and regional regimes illustrate substantial heterogeneity in the results, with services and a large number of relatively small non-urban regions driving the overall results. Thus, our findings argue against structural policy conclusions based on assessments neglecting the specific sectoral and regional context.
Ausgangspunkt dieses Artikels ist die in der Literatur weit verbreitete Hypothese, wonach der Strukturwandel zu Dienstleistungen wegen vermeintlich geringerer Möglichkeiten zu Effizienzsteigerungen im Tertiärbereich mit negativen Effekten auf die gesamtwirtschaftliche Produktivitäts- und Wachstumsentwicklung verbunden sei. Nach unseren Ergebnissen kann diese Hypothese zumindest für die NUTS-2-Regionen Österreichs bzw. der EU 27 und die untersuchte Zeitperiode (1991/2012) verworfen werden: einerseits weil die Tertiärisierung in den letzten Jahrzehnten vorrangig durch das Wachstum wissensintensiver Unternehmensdienstleistungen (knowledge intensive business services, KIBS) getrieben war und diese Dienste in weiten Teilen selbst hoch produktiv sind, vor allem aber zeigt unsere Evidenz eindeutig positive (direkte und indirekte) Gesamteffekte auf die regionale Produktivität, welche von KIBS wegen ihrer besonderen Rolle in Wissens-Spillovers auf die Effizienzentwicklung in anderen Wirtschaftsbereichen ausgehen. Damit sprechen unsere Ergebnisse für eine Wirtschaftspolitik, welche den fortschreitenden Wandel zum Dienstleistungsbereich als Bestandteil moderner Wirtschaftsentwicklung begreift und das Potential von KIBS als Treiber von Wissens-Spillovers und Produktivitätsdynamik verstärkt nutzt. Der Artikel schließt daher mit Überlegungen zu sinnvollen förderpolitischen Ansatzpunkten zur Entwicklung wissensintensiver Unternehmensdienste bei knappen finanziellen Ressourcen.
This paper is the first to apply an econometric shift-share model to tourism. The approach allows us to isolate the growth contributions of changes in regional touristic attractiveness from those induced by the structure of visitors, but does not share the caveats of the conventional shift-share approach. Our application to regional tourism in Austria reveals important results: First, differences in long-run performance between regions are mostly related to idiosyncratic changes in the tourist appeal of individual regions rather than a result of more or less favourable structures of visitors. Second, none of several mega-events during the period observed seem to have left prolonged positive effects on the tourist performance of the host regions. And third, performance appears uncorrelated with tourism intensity of a region. Thus, from a policy and destination management perspective, tourism authorities and local suppliers should mainly focus on upgrading the permanent destination attractiveness rather than investing too much effort into landing mega-events or targeting the visitor mix toward promising source markets.
We empirically investigate the importance of centrality (holding a central position in a spatial network) for strategic interaction in pricing for the Austrian retail gasoline market. Results from spatial autoregressive models suggest that the gasoline station located most closely to the market center – defined as the 1-median location – exerts the strongest effect on pricing decisions of other stations. We conclude that centrality influences firms' pricing behaviour and further find that the importance of centrality increases with market size.
Economics Letters, 2015, 13 pages, pp.1, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2015.11.032
Online since: 18.12.2015 11:13
International Journal of Industrial Organization, 2015, pp.81-90, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.ijindorg.2015.03.009
Online since: 29.04.2015 15:15
Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics Working Paper Series, 2014, (188), http://epub.wu.ac.at/4347/1/wp188.pdf
Online since: 20.04.2015 19:37
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