Hermine Mitter, Anja Kristina Techen, Franz Sinabell, Katharina Helming, Erwin Schmid, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Ian Holman, Kasper Kok, Heikki Lehtonen, Adrian Leip, Chantal Le Mouël, Erik Mathijs, Bano Mehdi, Klaus Mittenzwei, Olivier Mora, Knut Øistad, Lillian Øygarden, Jörg A. Priess, Martin Schönhart
in: Thomas Glade, Martin Mergili, Katrin Sattler, ExtremA 2019. Aktueller Wissensstand zu Extremereignissen alpiner Naturgefahren in Österreich
Book chapters, contributions to collected volumes, V&R Unipress, Vienna University Press, 1. Auflage, Wien, June 2020, pp.717-741
Dieser Beitrag betrachtet aus einem ökonomischen Blickwinkel Naturgefahren, die speziell in alpinen Räumen auftreten. Nach
der grundlegenden Klärung wichtiger Begriffe wird ein Überblick zu den Gefahren präsentiert und ihre ökonomische Dimensionen
werden aufgezeigt. Daten aus Österreich veranschaulichen die Zusammenhänge zwischen spezifisch alpinen Naturgefahren und deren
ökonomischen Auswirkungen. Dazu werden vorliegende Befunde aus der Literatur aktualisiert. Der Schluss gibt einen Ausblick
auf spezifische Herausforderungen im Kontext des Managements von Naturgefahren.
in: Good Practice Workshop "Exploring case-studies on the evaluation of RDP achievements and impacts"
Vortrag, Sevilla, 12.12.2019
Organised by: The European Evaluation Helpdesk for Rural Development
Hermine Mitter, Anja Kristina Techen, Franz Sinabell, Katharina Helming, Kasper Kok, Jörg A. Priess, Erwin Schmid, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Ian Holman, Heikki Lehtonen, Adrian Leip, Chantal Le Mouël, Erik Mathijs, Bano Mehdi, Melania Michetti, Klaus Mittenzwei, Olivier Mora, Lillian Øygarden, Pytrik Reidsma, Rüdiger Schaldach, Martin Schönhart
Moving towards a more sustainable future requires concerted actions, particularly in the context of global climate change.
Integrated assessments of agricultural systems (IAAS) are considered valuable tools to provide sound information for policy
and decision-making. IAAS use storylines to define socio-economic and environmental framework assumptions. While a set of
qualitative global storylines, known as the Shared Socio-economic Pathways (SSPs), is available to inform integrated assessments
at large scales, their spatial resolution and scope is insufficient for regional studies in agriculture. We present a protocol
to operationalise the development of Shared Socio-economic Pathways for European agriculture – Eur-Agri-SSPs – to support
IAAS. The proposed design of the storyline development process is based on six quality criteria: plausibility, vertical and
horizontal consistency, salience, legitimacy, richness and creativity. Trade-offs between these criteria may occur. The process
is science-driven and iterative to enhance plausibility and horizontal consistency. A nested approach is suggested to link
storylines across scales while maintaining vertical consistency. Plausibility, legitimacy, salience, richness and creativity
shall be stimulated in a participatory and interdisciplinary storyline development process. The quality criteria and process
design requirements are combined in the protocol to increase conceptual and methodological transparency. The protocol specifies
nine working steps. For each step, suitable methods are proposed and the intended level and format of stakeholder engagement
are discussed. A key methodological challenge is to link global SSPs with regional perspectives provided by the stakeholders,
while maintaining vertical consistency and stakeholder buy-in. We conclude that the protocol facilitates systematic development
and evaluation of storylines, which can be transferred to other regions, sectors and scales and supports inter-comparisons
To meet global demands towards food security, safety as well as sustainable agriculture and food systems innovative approaches
are inevitable. Despite the growing body of literature in both innovation research and in values and aims, what has been explored
to a lesser extent is the bridging link between these areas. This study represents a first step in addressing this relationship.
Policy- and decision-makers foster sustainable innovation in agriculture, since on-farm innovation and innovation adoption
have attracted their attention as a means of enhancing competitiveness as well as socially and environmentally benign farming
also benefiting rural areas. By using a negative binomial model we explore the relationship between farmers' innovativeness
and those values and aims which guide farmers' farm-management decisions as well as other farm/farmer characteristics. Based
on a sample of 174 Austrian farmers agricultural education is found to be an essential driver of innovativeness. Regarding
the different values we find that self-direction and hedonistic values, in contrast to achievement and economic, are associated
with more innovative capabilities. In conclusion, we see a need to foster self-direction and hedonistic narratives in policy
and extension service, together with reducing the focus on an economic angle to promote farmers' innovation capabilities.