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Weitere Publikationen: Stefan Ederer (20 Treffer)

Macroeconomic imbalances in the EMU are at the heart of the current crisis. One explanation for the high current account deficits in the Southern European countries is that they lack a large, competitive and export-oriented industrial sector. The paper tests the hypothesis that parts of the structural change which happened in the EU before 2008 were supported by the divergent unit labour cost developments in the EMU. We look into patterns of structural change and sectoral competitiveness in all EU member countries and assess their linkages by means of a descriptive analysis as well as through econometric estimations. Our results broadly support the hypothesis. Industrial policy, which aims at fostering new competitive export-oriented industries in Southern Europe in order to reduce macroeconomic imbalances in the EMU, should thus be combined with adjustments in relative labour costs.
Der Artikel untersucht Verdoorn-Effekte in Österreich und der EU empirisch mittels ökonometrischer Methoden. Wir finden sowohl für die Sachgütererzeugung als auch für die Gesamtwirtschaft signifikante Effekte. Demnach zieht ein Anstieg der Produktion um 1% eine Steigerung der Arbeitsproduktivität um bis zu ½ Prozentpunkt nach sich. Mit Hilfe von Impuls-Antwort-Funktionen werden zusätzlich endogene Verstärkungsmechanismen über eine stärkere Kapitalakkumulation und den dadurch induzierten technischen Fortschritt abgebildet. Eine Phase schwachen Wirtschaftswachstums hat demnach einen direkten negativen Einfluss auf das Produktivitätswachstum und daher den langfristigen Wohlstand und die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit. Angebotsseitige Politikmaßnahmen zur Steigerung der Produktivität sollten daher durch Maßnahmen zur Stärkung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Nachfrage ergänzt werden.
Piketty's main theoretical prediction is that a small elite will own all wealth if capitalism is left to its own devices. We formulate and calibrate a Post-Keynesian model with an endogenous distribution of wealth between workers and capitalists. The model permits Piketty's corner solution of all wealth held by capitalists; however, it also shows that interior solutions with a stable, non-zero wealth share of workers, a stable wealth-to-income ratio, and a stable and positive gap between the profit and the growth rate are determined by the Cambridge equation. Furthermore, simulations show that the model conforms to Piketty's empirical findings in a transitional phase, in which the wealth share of capitalists rises to over 60 percent, the wealth-to-income ratio increases, and income inequality rises. Finally, we show that the introduction of a wealth tax as suggested by Piketty could neutralise the rise in wealth concentration.
We develop and calibrate an analytical growth model in the neo-Kaleckian tradition with an endogenous wealth distribution and differential returns to wealth between workers and capitalists. We show that a long-run equilibrium allows for non-zero wealth owned by workers, even as the model contains the "triumph of the rentier" predicted by Piketty's r > g as a special case. The model's calibration to ten European countries shows that the distribution of wealth is likely to become more unequal in all cases, barring political countermeasures.
We develop and calibrate an analytical growth model in the neo-Kaleckian tradition with an endogenous wealth distribution and differential returns to wealth between workers and capitalists. We show that a long-run equilibrium allows for non-zero wealth owned by workers, even as the model contains the "triumph of the rentier" predicted by Piketty's r > g as a special case. The model's calibration to ten European countries shows that the distribution of wealth is likely to become more unequal in all cases, barring political countermeasures.
International Review of Applied Economics, 2016, (4), S.462-487
in: Toward a Genuine Economic and Monetary Union
Proceedings of OeNB Workshops, 2015, (21)
Stefan Ederer, Engelbert Stockhammer, Predrag Ćetković
in: Politische Ökonomie Österreichs. Kontinuitäten und Veränderungen seit dem EU-Beitritt
Buchbeiträge, Mandelbaum, 2015, S.34-58
Herausgeber: Beirat für gesellschafts-, wirtschafts- und umweltpolitische Alternativen
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