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Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Energie

Bücher, Buchbeiträge, Journals und Papers (211 Treffer)

in: Irmi Seidl, Angelika Zahrnt, Tätigsein in der Postwachstumsgesellschaft
Buchbeiträge, Metropolis, Marburg, August 2019, S.207-225, https://metropolis-verlag.de/Taetigsein-in-der-Postwachstumsgesellschaft/1405/book.do
Die bestehenden europäischen Abgabensysteme sind aus Nachhaltigkeitssicht nicht mehr zeitgemäß. Sie basieren stark auf der Besteuerung der Arbeit, wobei nach wie vor in vielen Abgabensystemen von einem (in der Regel männlichen) Hauptverdiener auf der Basis eines Normalarbeitsverhältnisses und einer weiblichen Zuverdienerin ausgegangen wird. Lenkungssteuern zur Bewältigung der großen Herausforderungen in Klima- und Umweltpolitik werden zu wenig genutzt, und der Beitrag der Abgabensysteme zu verteilungspolitischen Zielsetzungen hat langfristig abgenommen. Um die europäischen Abgabensysteme zukunftsfähig zu machen, ist ein fundamentaler Umbau mit einer Umschichtung der Abgabenlast weg von Arbeitseinkommen hin zu Emissionen bzw. Ressourcen- und Energieverbrauch einerseits sowie zu Vermögen und höheren Einkommen andererseits erforderlich. Wie in kaum einem anderen Politikbereich haben Strukturreformen im Abgabensystem das Potential, die verschiedenen Dimensionen der Nachhaltigkeit gleichzeitig zu adressieren.
This paper applies a DYNK (Dynamic New Keynesian) model to compare the traditional environmental tax reform for greenhouse gas emissions with a taxation scheme that taxes greenhouse gas emissions embodied in consumption within the framework of a unilateral policy of the EU 27. The embodied emissions of different commodities are taxed independently of their origin. The greenhouse gas tax rates applied are identical and new revenues are in both cases recycled via lower social security contributions of employers. The article shows the macroeconomic results, driven by the different impact of the taxation schemes on price competitiveness of EU 27 firms. These differences drive the leakage and show negative leakage in the case of taxing embodied greenhouse gas emissions. Both taxation schemes are also regressive for household incomes emphasising the importance of the choice of revenue recycling. In terms of emission reduction, we find the taxation of emissions embodied in consumption less effective.
Ina Meyer, Michiko Hama, Robert Jandl, Markus Leitner, Markus Keuschnig, Ivonne Anders, Oliver Fritz, Helene Berthold, Brigitte Eder
Regional Environmental Change, 2019, (4), S.1059-1971, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-018-1439-y
The aim of this case study was to conduct a participatory approach to socioeconomic scenario development in the city of Lienz (East Tyrol) and to suggest this process-oriented approach as an element of an integrated guiding and decision support tool for local resilience and risk management to policy makers, business leaders, and civil society. The paper takes a socio-economic perspective and describes the settings of the case study, the process, and approach taken for co-creating two distinct normative socio-economic scenario narratives for the city of Lienz: a desirable or resilient future and an undesirable or stagnant future. Results are presented as sector-specific scenario narratives. Matching the local scenario narratives with the global shared socioeconomic pathways, it derives that local peculiarities such as population decline due to outmigration trends or decentralised manufacturing industry and educational institutions were judged to be critical factors in securing local resilience for a prospering future.
in: Roland Pomberger, et al., Recy & DepoTech 2018: Recycling & Abfallverwertung, Abfallwirtschaft & Ressourcenmanagement, Deponietechnik & Altlasten, Internationale Abfallwirtschaft & Spezielle Recyclingthemen. Konferenzband zur 14. Recy & DepoTech-Konferenz
Buchbeiträge, Leoben, November 2018, S.77-84
Robert Jandl, Ina Meyer, Reinhard Mechler, Markus Leitner, Michiko Hama
in: Arthur Kanonier, Florian Rudolf-Miklau, Regionale Risiko Governance: Recht, Politik und Praxis
Buchbeiträge, Verlag Österreich, Oktober 2018, S.715-727
Many climate-relevant decisions are taken in other policy areas with only little regard to climate change impacts. For climate policy to be successful it has to be integrated in decision-making and legislative processes in basically all policy areas and all levels of government. We analyse the extent of climate policy integration (CPI) in Austrian policy-making via in-depth expert interviews, both on the federal level as well as on the regional level using Styria as a case study. The results show a broad range of perceptions regarding the degree of CPI in Austria. The consideration of climate policy issues generally depends on the core competence of the respective institution. Moreover, we found widely diverging views on whether CPI in Austria is too ambitious or too weak. Especially, potential negative impacts of climate policy on competitiveness or employment are seen to hamper a more ambitious implementation of mitigation policies.
in: Stephanie Thiel, Elisabeth Thomé-Kozmiensky, Daniel Goldmann, Recycling und Rohstoffe
Recycling und Rohstoffe, 2018, (11), S.49-63, http://www.vivis.de/
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