Energy Development in EU Member Countries

05.02.2019

WIFO environmental economists Claudia Kettner-Marx, Daniela Kletzan-Slamanig and Angela Köppl analyse energy development in EU member countries.

In the project "ClEP – Climate and Energy Policy Indicators in the Context of the UN SDGs" funded by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund, a team of researchers from WIFO and IHS analysed energy development in 9 EU member countries using composite indices.

The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate Convention provide the basis for the development of a sustainable society. In their Working Paper, WIFO environmental economists Claudia Kettner-Marx, Daniela Kletzan-Slamanig and Angela Köppl, in collaboration with IHS researchers Beate Littig and Irina Zielinski, analyse climate and energy policy in Austria and other selected European countries using composite indices. The composite indices cover four key demand-side sectors of energy demand (households, transport, industry, services) as well as the provision of electricity and heat.

The index-based analysis provides several results, which are also supported by research on climate and energy policy in the case study countries: The composite indices point to only moderate improvements in energy and climate development in the nine case study countries between 2005 and 2015. However, some countries show above-average performance, at least in some areas. The analysis underlines the structural differences in national energy systems and the various challenges for decarbonisation. The results also confirm that synergies and conflicts between the different target dimensions and indicators need to be carefully assessed. Policy instruments must therefore be adapted to national frameworks and interdependencies need to be considered.

Please contact

Margit Schratzenstaller-Altzinger

Function: Research staff member, Deputy director

Publications

WIFO Working Papers, 2019, (575), 28 pages
Online since: 11.01.2019 0:00
Two major international frameworks provide landmarks for future development paths: the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate Agreement. Monitoring the progress towards achieving the individual goals has to consider a multitude of synergies and trade-offs. In this paper we use composite indices to analyse climate and energy policy in Austria and other selected EU countries. The analysis delivers several results which are also supported by the assessment of climate and energy policies in the case study countries. In general, the improvements regarding energy efficiency, emissions and deployment of renewables have been moderate in the period under observation. This hints at the time needed for restructuring to take place. This underlines the importance of credible political commitment to climate targets, the implementation of ambitious instruments and the need for stability in the guiding frameworks in order to effectuate substantial changes. In addition, the description of the circumstances and policy frameworks in the selected countries shows, that each one is characterised by a very specific energy system (complemented by specific social structures) which determines the challenges that have to be overcome on the way to decarbonisation.
WIFO economist Daniela Kletzan-Slamanig (Photo: WIFO)
WIFO economist Daniela Kletzan-Slamanig (Photo: WIFO)