(13194 Treffer)

83rd Euroconstruct Conference: European Construction Market Forecasts to 2019 in an Uncertain Macroeconomic and Political Environment

Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, Amsterdam, 8.-9.6.2017, http://www.euroconstruct.org
WIFO's Euroconstruct partner institute EIB is hosting the 84th Euroconstruct conference in June 2017. The conference focuses on European construction market forecasts until 2019 in an uncertain macroeconomic and political environment. A special topic is dealing with circular economic policies. A pre-conference networking event will be held at the A'dam Tower on 8 June, the main conference takes at Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky, Amsterdam on 9 June 2017.
 
Online seit: 15.04.2017 0:00

Euroframe Conference on Economic Policy Issues in the European Union: Growth and Inequality – Challenges for EU Economies – Call for Papers

Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, 9.6.2017, More Details
The 14th annual Conference on Economic Policy Issues in the European Union in Berlin on Friday 9 June 2017 will focus on two main challenges: economic growth and inequality. Promoting high and socially inclusive growth has been a key issue on the European political agenda since many years. However, economic developments have also affected the distribution of income and wealth, with rising inequalities in a number of EU countries. The Euroframe group welcomes contributions related, but not limited to, the following questions: What is the relationship between economic growth and inequality? What are the effects of international trade, globalisation, and structural change on inequality and growth? What are the impacts of structural reforms on growth and inequality? What are the impacts of labour market institutions and financial regulation and deregulation on growth and inequality? What are the effects of fiscal and monetary policies on inequality? Is it politically sustainable to accept more inequality or should inequalities be reduced in the EU and if so, how?
 
Veranstalter: Euroframe – European Forecasting Research Association for the Macro-Economy
Online seit: 07.12.2016 0:00

Mark Sommer, Kurt Kratena, The Carbon Footprint of European Households and Income Distribution

This paper calculates the carbon footprint of private consumption in the EU 27 by five groups of household income, using a fully fledged macroeconomic input-output model covering 59 industries and five groups of household income for the EU 27. Due to macroeconomic feedback mechanisms, this methodology – besides induced intermediate demand – also quantifies: 1. private consumption induced in the other household groups, 2. impacts on other endogenous final demand components, and 3. negative feedback effects due to output price effects of household demand. The carbon footprint is calculated separately for the consumption vector of each of the five income groups. The simulation results yield a non-linear income elasticity of direct and indirect emissions at each income level: the value of the direct footprint income elasticity decreases from 1.32 (first quintile) to 0.69 (fourth quintile). The value of the indirect footprint income elasticity is always below unity and decreases from 0.89 to 0.62. The results in general reveal a relative decoupling effect: the share of the top income group in income (45 percent) is much larger than its share in the carbon footprint (37 percent) and vice versa for the bottom income group (6 percent in income and 8 percent in footprint).
 

Dieter Pennerstorfer, Can competition keep the restrooms clean? Price, quality and spatial competition

Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2017, 64, S.117-136, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2017.02.005
This article investigates the influence of competition on price and product quality among Austrian camping sites, a market characterised by both horizontal (spatial) and vertical product differentiation. Theoretically, the effect of competition on quality is ambiguous and depends on the degree of cost substitutability between output and quality. Estimating a system of equations shows that intense competition has a positive impact on product quality and a negative effect on prices (conditional on quality). As high quality is associated with high prices, the total effect of competition on prices is rather small.
 

Matthias Firgo, Klaus Nowotny, Alexander Braun, Informal, Formal, or Both? Assessing the Drivers of Home Care Utilization in Austria Using a Simultaneous Decision Framework

WIFO Working Papers, 2017, (533), 36 Seiten
Understanding the relation between different types of long-term care and the determinants of individual choice of long-term care types is fundamental for efficient policy making in times of ageing societies. However, empirical research on this issue has revealed both national and methodological factors as crucial for the policy conclusions drawn. Thus, the purpose of the present paper is twofold: First, at least to our knowledge, it is the first comprehensive assessment of this kind for Austria. Second, it extends the scarce literature explicitly focusing on the combined use of informal and formal care in addition to the exclusive use of these services based on an econometric framework accounting for the simultaneity and interdependencies in these types of long-term care. Our results provide strong evidence for a task-specific and complementary relation of formal and informal home care in Austria, with the health status and functional limitations as the main determinants of individual choice.
 
Online seit: 12.04.2017 0:00

Rainer Widmann (Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University), The Effect of Government Research Grants on Firm Innovation: Theory and Evidence from Austria

Vortragsreihe "WIFO-Extern", WIFO, 1030 Wien, Arsenal, Objekt 20, Kleiner Sitzungssaal, 5.4.2017 13:15, veranstaltungen@wifo.ac.at
This paper examines the effect of government research grants on firms' patenting outcomes. Discontinuities in the funding decisions of the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) allow to study the effect of public funding in a large sample of Austrian firms. My estimates suggest that a government research grant increases the propensity to file a patent application with the European Patent Office within 4 years by around 10 percentage points. Stronger effects appear for established firms of advanced age. I present evidence that established firms undertake ambitious research projects when they receive grants. Finally, I interpret the findings in an "exploration vs. exploitation" model in which the government agency addresses inefficiency in the direction of research.
 
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 29.03.2017 0:00

Marcus Scheiblecker, Österreich 2025: Neue Herausforderungen im kommenden Jahrzehnt

Projektberichte (in Arbeit), April 2017
Das schwache Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahre und das zu erwartende gedämpfte Trendwachstum stellen in Österreich die Arbeitswelt, die öffentlichen Haushalte und daher die Sicherung der Sozialsysteme vor große Herausforderungen. Nachfrage- und angebotsseitige wirtschaftspolitische Maßnahmen zur Belebung der Konjunktur müssen mehr als in der Vergangenheit Rücksicht auf qualitative Aspekte der Wirtschaftsentwicklung nehmen. Dies betrifft insbesondere ökologische Ziele aufgrund nationaler und internationaler Vereinbarungen. Das WIFO-Forschungsprogramm "Österreich 2025" widmet sich in 22 Forschungsprojekten zu unterschiedlichen ökonomischen, sozialen und ökologischen Aspekten der Frage, wie die heimische Wirtschaft den wichtigsten Herausforderungen begegnen kann.
 
Auftraggeber: Hannes Androsch Stiftung bei der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung

Ulrike Huemer, Helmut Mahringer, Labour Market Monitor 2016. A Europe-wide Labour Market Monitoring System Updated Annually (Executive Summary)

Projektberichte (in Arbeit), April 2017
The report is an update of a set of labour market indices first developed and tested in 2010 in collaboration with experts of the Vienna Chamber of Labour (AK). The Austrian labour market is examined relative to the other 27 EU countries according to the following key dimensions: overall labour market performance, participation of different groups of people, exclusion risks on the labour market, distribution of earnings and redistribution by the welfare state. The present report summarises the current results of the five dimensions and contains a cartographic overview.
 
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Auftraggeber: Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien

Ulrike Huemer, Helmut Mahringer, Arbeitsmarktmonitor 2016. Update des jährlichen, EU-weiten Arbeitsmarktbeobachtungssystems (Kurzfassung)

Projektberichte (in Arbeit), April 2017
Der Bericht aktualisiert das im Jahr 2010 in Kooperation mit Expertinnen und Experten der Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien erstmals implementierte und getestete Set von Arbeitsmarktindizes. Untersucht wird der österreichische Arbeitsmarkt relativ zu den anderen 27 EU-Ländern in den folgenden Bereichen: allgemeine Leistungskraft des Arbeitsmarktes, Erwerbsteilnahme unterschiedlicher Personengruppen, Ausgrenzungsrisiken auf dem Arbeitsmarkt, Verteilung der Erwerbseinkommen und Umverteilung durch den Sozialstaat. Der vorliegende Bericht fasst die aktuellen Ergebnisse der fünf Bereichsindizes zusammen und enthält kartographische Übersichten.
 
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Auftraggeber: Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien

Ulrike Huemer, Helmut Mahringer, Arbeitsmarktmonitor 2016. Update des jährlichen, EU-weiten Arbeitsmarktbeobachtungssystems

Projektberichte (in Arbeit), April 2017
Der Bericht aktualisiert das im Jahr 2010 in Kooperation mit Expertinnen und Experten der Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien erstmals implementierte und getestete Set von Arbeitsmarktindizes. Untersucht wird der österreichische Arbeitsmarkt relativ zu den anderen 27 EU-Ländern in den folgenden Bereichen: allgemeine Leistungskraft des Arbeitsmarktes, Erwerbsteilnahme unterschiedlicher Personengruppen, Ausgrenzungsrisiken auf dem Arbeitsmarkt, Verteilung der Erwerbseinkommen und Umverteilung durch den Sozialstaat. Der vorliegende Bericht fasst die aktuellen Ergebnisse der fünf Bereichsindizes zusammen und enthält kartographische Übersichten.
 
Auftraggeber: Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
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