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Weitere Publikationen der WIFO-Mitarbeiterinnen und -Mitarbeiter

Die umfangreiche Publikationstätigkeit der Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter des WIFO dokumentiert die enge Vernetzung mit der internationalen Scientific Community.

Bücher, Journals und Papers(1589 Treffer)

Mark Sommer, Kurt Kratena, The Carbon Footprint of European Households and Income Distribution

This paper calculates the carbon footprint of private consumption in the EU 27 by five groups of household income, using a fully fledged macroeconomic input-output model covering 59 industries and five groups of household income for the EU 27. Due to macroeconomic feedback mechanisms, this methodology – besides induced intermediate demand – also quantifies: 1. private consumption induced in the other household groups, 2. impacts on other endogenous final demand components, and 3. negative feedback effects due to output price effects of household demand. The carbon footprint is calculated separately for the consumption vector of each of the five income groups. The simulation results yield a non-linear income elasticity of direct and indirect emissions at each income level: the value of the direct footprint income elasticity decreases from 1.32 (first quintile) to 0.69 (fourth quintile). The value of the indirect footprint income elasticity is always below unity and decreases from 0.89 to 0.62. The results in general reveal a relative decoupling effect: the share of the top income group in income (45 percent) is much larger than its share in the carbon footprint (37 percent) and vice versa for the bottom income group (6 percent in income and 8 percent in footprint).

Klaus S. Friesenbichler, Eva Selenko, Firm performance in challenging business climates. Does managerial work engagement make a difference?

Do more highly work-engaged managers contribute to firm performance? Leaning on the resource-based view, we propose managerial work engagement as a resource relevant to firm performance. Data from a representative survey of managers in Bangladesh support this and illuminate the role of the wider context in predicting work engagement. In less-corrupt environments with a more humane leadership culture, work engagement is more prevalent. In addition, individual work engagement is driven by firm-level factors and contributes independently to firm performance. This illustrates the mutual dependency between an individual manager's work engagement and microeconomic determinants of firm performance.

Jürgen Janger, Torben Schubert, Petra Andries, Christian Rammer, Machteld Hoskens, The EU 2020 innovation indicator: A step forward in measuring innovation outputs and outcomes?

Research Policy, 2017, 46(1), S.30-42,
In October 2013, the European Commission presented a new indicator intended to capture innovation outputs and outcomes and thereby "support policy-makers in establishing new or reinforced actions to remove bottlenecks that prevent innovators from translating ideas into products and services that can be successful on the market". This article aims to evaluate the usefulness of the new indicator against the background of the difficulties in measuring innovation outputs and outcomes. We develop a unique conceptual framework for measuring innovation outcomes that distinguishes structural change and structural upgrading as two key dimensions in both manufacturing and services. We conclude that the new indicator is biased towards a somewhat narrowly defined "high-tech" understanding of innovation outcomes. We illustrate our framework proposing a broader set of outcome indicators capturing also structural upgrading. We find that the results for the modified indicator differ substantially for a number of countries, with potentially wide-ranging consequences for innovation and industrial policies.

Martina Fink, Silvia Rocha-Akis, Kurzfristige Einkommens- und Verteilungseffekte der Einführung eines flächendeckenden Mindestlohns – Erste Ergebnisse einer Mikrosimulation, in: Rudolf Mosler, Walter Pfeil (Hrsg.), Mindestlohn im Spannungsfeld zwischen Kollektivvertragsautonomie und staatlicher Sozialpolitik

Buchbeiträge, ÖGB-Verlag, Dezember 2016
Online seit: 06.12.2016 0:00

Felix Butschek, The Performance of the European Economy in Historical Perspective. An Institutional Analysis

Bücher und Monographien, Akademikerverlag, Saarbrücken, November 2016, 67 Seiten
Online seit: 28.11.2016 12:30

Jürgen Janger, Klaus Nowotny, Job Choice in Academia

Research Policy, 2016(8), S.1672-1683,
For a newspaper article based on the research article, see Jürgen Janger, Klaus Nowotny, "Job choice is about more than colleagues and money", Research Europe, 28th July 2016, p. 8.

Alexander Ahammer, Thomas Horvath, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, The effect of income on mortality – new evidence for the absence of a causal link

Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A, 2016,
We analyse the effect of income on mortality in Austria by using administrative social security data. To tackle potential endogeneity concerns arising in this context, we estimate time invariant firm-specific wage components and use them as instruments for actual wages. Although we find quantitatively small yet statistically significant effects in our naive least squares estimations, instrumental variables regressions reveal a robust zero effect of income on 10-year death rates for workers aged 40 to 60 years, both in terms of coefficient magnitude and narrow width of confidence intervals. These results are robust to various sample specifications and both linear and non-linear estimation methods.

Fritz Breuss, The European Banking Union – The Last Building Block Towards a New EMU?, in: Max Guderzo, Andrea Bosco (Hrsg.), A Monetary Hope for Europe

Buchbeiträge, August 2016, S.65-95
Herausgeber: Università degli Studi di Firenze
Online seit: 17.08.2016 14:52