Weitere Publikationen der WIFO-Mitarbeiterinnen und -Mitarbeiter
Die umfangreiche Publikationstätigkeit der Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter des WIFO dokumentiert die enge Vernetzung mit
der internationalen Scientific Community.
Bücher, Journals und Papers(1589 Treffer)
This paper calculates the carbon footprint of private consumption in the EU 27 by five groups of household income, using a
fully fledged macroeconomic input-output model covering 59 industries and five groups of household income for the EU 27. Due
to macroeconomic feedback mechanisms, this methodology – besides induced intermediate demand – also quantifies: 1. private
consumption induced in the other household groups, 2. impacts on other endogenous final demand components, and 3. negative
feedback effects due to output price effects of household demand. The carbon footprint is calculated separately for the consumption
vector of each of the five income groups. The simulation results yield a non-linear income elasticity of direct and indirect
emissions at each income level: the value of the direct footprint income elasticity decreases from 1.32 (first quintile) to
0.69 (fourth quintile). The value of the indirect footprint income elasticity is always below unity and decreases from 0.89
to 0.62. The results in general reveal a relative decoupling effect: the share of the top income group in income (45 percent)
is much larger than its share in the carbon footprint (37 percent) and vice versa for the bottom income group (6 percent in
income and 8 percent in footprint).
Do more highly work-engaged managers contribute to firm performance? Leaning on the resource-based view, we propose managerial
work engagement as a resource relevant to firm performance. Data from a representative survey of managers in Bangladesh support
this and illuminate the role of the wider context in predicting work engagement. In less-corrupt environments with a more
humane leadership culture, work engagement is more prevalent. In addition, individual work engagement is driven by firm-level
factors and contributes independently to firm performance. This illustrates the mutual dependency between an individual manager's
work engagement and microeconomic determinants of firm performance.
In October 2013, the European Commission presented a new indicator intended to capture innovation outputs and outcomes and
thereby "support policy-makers in establishing new or reinforced actions to remove bottlenecks that prevent innovators from
translating ideas into products and services that can be successful on the market". This article aims to evaluate the usefulness
of the new indicator against the background of the difficulties in measuring innovation outputs and outcomes. We develop a
unique conceptual framework for measuring innovation outcomes that distinguishes structural change and structural upgrading
as two key dimensions in both manufacturing and services. We conclude that the new indicator is biased towards a somewhat
narrowly defined "high-tech" understanding of innovation outcomes. We illustrate our framework proposing a broader set of
outcome indicators capturing also structural upgrading. We find that the results for the modified indicator differ substantially
for a number of countries, with potentially wide-ranging consequences for innovation and industrial policies.
Buchbeiträge, ÖGB-Verlag, Dezember 2016
Online seit: 06.12.2016 0:00
Bücher und Monographien, Akademikerverlag, Saarbrücken, November 2016, 67 Seiten
Online seit: 28.11.2016 12:30
For a newspaper article based on the research article, see Jürgen Janger, Klaus Nowotny, "Job choice is about more than colleagues
and money", Research Europe, 28th July 2016, p. 8.
We analyse the effect of income on mortality in Austria by using administrative social security data. To tackle potential
endogeneity concerns arising in this context, we estimate time invariant firm-specific wage components and use them as instruments
for actual wages. Although we find quantitatively small yet statistically significant effects in our naive least squares estimations,
instrumental variables regressions reveal a robust zero effect of income on 10-year death rates for workers aged 40 to 60
years, both in terms of coefficient magnitude and narrow width of confidence intervals. These results are robust to various
sample specifications and both linear and non-linear estimation methods.
Buchbeiträge, August 2016, S.65-95
Herausgeber: Università degli Studi di Firenze
Online seit: 17.08.2016 14:52
Online seit: 21.01.2016 11:47