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WIFO publications and research project papers(7 hits)

Wolfgang Polt, Maximilian Unger, Jürgen Streicher (JOANNEUM RESEARCH), Eva Buchinger, Bernhard Dachs, Karl-Heinz Leitner, Anna Wang (AIT), Jürgen Janger, Nicole Schmidt, Stefan Weingärtner (WIFO), Michael Stampfer, Michael Strassnig, Elisabeth Nagl, Donia Lasinger (WWTF), OECD Reviews of Innovation Policies: Austria. Background Report

Reports (work in progress), September 2017
This report provides a comprehensive picture of the Austrian innovation system, its structures, current developments and challenges as well as policy discussions. While trying to present as much empirical material as possible in a self-contained and self-explanatory manner, the report also points to important documents and data sources where necessary for an in-depth coverage of specific topics. These sources should be consulted as well to arrive at a full picture of the Austrian innovation system.
 
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology – Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy
Study by: JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH – POLICIES: Institute for Economic and Innovation Research – Austrian Institute of Technology – Austrian Institute of Economic Research – Vienna Science and Technology Fund

Fabian Unterlass, Andreas Reinstaller, Klaus S. Friesenbichler, Alexandros Charos, Kathrin Hranyai, Peter Reschenhofer, Anna Strauss, Sebastian Unterlass, Johanna Vogel, Agnes Kügler, Stefan Weingärtner, The Relationship Between Export and Technological Specialisation Profiles Across EU Countries and Regions and the Identification of Development Potentials

Monographs, August 2015, 183 pages
   
The aim of this study is to analyse the development of new industrial specialisations and the process of export diversification both at the country and the regional level for the EU countries over time. It examines to what extent these processes show path dependent properties, whether persistent development trajectories can be shifted in order to avoid structural traps and what role related and unrelated diversification play for the economic performance of regions. Overall, the results of this report and its policy implications underscore that Smart Specialisation policies require a smooth coordination of a larger set of diverse policy measures that take into account both the local context and all the involved players rather than a perfect setup of single policies. In particular, the educational system, specialisation patterns in research and innovation, and foreign direct investments play a key role in diversification processes and should be a constitutive element of Smart Specialisation policies.
This study has been prepared for the Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME), under Specific Contract ENT-SME-14-F-S107-SI2-698839 implementing the Framework Service Contract ENTR/300/PP/2013/FC-WIFO on "Studies in the Area of European Competitiveness" coordinated by the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO; coordinator: Andreas Reinstaller). This service contract is financed by the EU Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and SMEs (COSME).
 
Commissioned by: European Commission
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research

Stefan Ederer, Stefan Weingärtner (WIFO), Structural Disparities in Carbon Dioxide Consumption and Trade in the World Economy. WWWforEurope Policy Paper No. 16

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, September 2014, 29 pages, http://www.foreurope.eu
Social scientists have long argued that developed countries are more and more responsible for climate change because they externalise pollution to less developed countries. This paper offers a way to quantify climate responsibility by calculating carbon footprints and carbon balances between regions by means of an input-output analysis. We find that regions in the center of the world economy are increasingly consuming CO2 which was emitted in the periphery. Developed countries exhibit a large emission balance deficit with the less developed economies. Furthermore, we decompose carbon footprint developments between 1995 and 2007 into three effects: technical progress, shifts in the global value chain and increasing final demand. Our results show that the effect of technical progress is overcompensated by the effect of increased consumption and value chain shifts. Footprint growth in the center is strongly linked to additional pollution and technical development in the periphery. These findings challenge the prevailing view of the potential of modernisation and globalisation with regard to climate change.
 
Supported by: Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft mbH – Austrian Agency for International Cooperation in Education and Research – OeAD-GmbH
Commissioned by: European Commission
Study by: Project team WWWforEurope

Stefan Ederer, Stefan Weingärtner, Structural Disparities in Carbon Dioxide Consumption and Trade in the World Economy

WIFO Working Papers, 2014, (478), 27 pages
Social scientists have long argued that developed countries are more and more responsible for climate change because they externalise pollution to less developed countries. This paper offers a way to quantify climate responsibility by calculating carbon footprints and carbon balances between regions by means of an input-output analysis. We find that regions in the center of the world economy are increasingly consuming CO2 which was emitted in the periphery. Developed countries exhibit a large emission balance deficit with the less developed economies. Furthermore, we decompose carbon footprint developments between 1995 and 2007 into three effects: technical progress, shifts in the global value chain and increasing final demand. Our results show that the effect of technical progress is overcompensated by the effect of increased consumption and value chain shifts. Footprint growth in the center is strongly linked to additional pollution and technical development in the periphery. These findings challenge the prevailing view of the potential of modernisation and globalisation with regard to climate change.
 
Online since: 10.09.2014 0:00

Stefan Ederer, Stefan Weingärtner (WIFO), Remapping EMU. On the Future Construction of Economic and Monetary Union. WWWforEurope Policy Paper No. 5

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, September 2013, 26 pages, http://www.foreurope.eu
The economic crisis has laid open deficiencies in the construction of the European Economic and Monetary Union. At its foundation, it was assumed that monetary integration would reduce the likelihood of asymmetric shocks. The crisis shows, however, that endogenous mechanisms may even amplify existing asymmetries. Without a lender of last resort, a common regulation and supervision of banks, a common fiscal policy and a co-ordinated economic policy the European Monetary Union is incomplete. The European Council and the Commission have proposed reforms for the completion of Economic and Monetary Union. Among these proposals are the implementation of a Banking Union and an integrated economic and fiscal policy. In the long run, national government debt is to be mutualised at the European level. A European fiscal capacity shall be combined with an automatic transfer mechanism between member countries, in order to smooth business cycle differentials. Further proposals are intended to accelerate in future structural reforms by the member countries along the lines of the country-specific recommendations issued by the Commission and the Council. A first step towards creating an integrated Banking Union has been taken by the introduction, albeit in an attenuated version, of a common bank supervision. However, key elements to secure the stability of the euro area are still missing. Measures recently decided under the acute pressure of the crisis ("Six-pack", "Twopack", "Fiscal compact", "Euro-plus Pact") are confined to structural reform and have de-facto suspended the operation of automatic stabilisers in the crisis countries. This severely undermines popular support in debtor and creditor countries alike for Economic and Monetary Union, to the point of jeopardising its existence.
 
Study by: Project team WWWforEurope
Commissioned by: European Commission

Stefan Ederer, Stefan Weingärtner, Deeper Integration of Economic and Monetary Union

Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.135-148
The economic crisis has laid open deficiencies in the construction of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). As a consequence, the European Council and the Commission have proposed reforms for the completion of EMU. In a first step towards an integrated Banking Union, a lighter version of a common bank supervision has been agreed. However, key elements to secure the stability of the euro area are still missing. Measures taken under the acute pressure of the crisis are confined to structural reforms and have de facto suspended the operation of automatic stabilisers in the crisis countries.
 
Online since: 27.08.2013 0:00

Stefan Ederer, Stefan Weingärtner, Zur Vertiefung der Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion

WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2013, 86(6), pp.493-507
   
Die Wirtschaftskrise hat Mängel in der Konstruktion der Europäischen Währungsunion offengelegt. Als Folge legten der Europäische Rat und die Kommission Reformen zur Vervollständigung der Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion vor. Ein erster Schritt für eine integrierte Bankenunion wurde durch die Schaffung einer abgeschwächten Form der einheitlichen Bankenaufsicht gesetzt. Bisher fehlen jedoch maßgebliche Elemente, um die Stabilität des Euro-Raumes zu sichern. Die Maßnahmen zur Stabilisierung der akuten Krisendynamik beschränken sich auf Strukturreformen und haben de facto eine Ausschaltung der automatischen Stabilisatoren in den Krisenländern zur Folge.
 
Online since: 25.06.2013 0:00
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