Weitere Publikationen der WIFO-Mitarbeiterinnen und -Mitarbeiter
Die umfangreiche Publikationstätigkeit der Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter des WIFO dokumentiert die enge Vernetzung mit
der internationalen Scientific Community.
Weitere Publikationen: Klaus S. Friesenbichler(14 Treffer)
Do more highly work-engaged managers contribute to firm performance? Leaning on the resource-based view, we propose managerial
work engagement as a resource relevant to firm performance. Data from a representative survey of managers in Bangladesh support
this and illuminate the role of the wider context in predicting work engagement. In less-corrupt environments with a more
humane leadership culture, work engagement is more prevalent. In addition, individual work engagement is driven by firm-level
factors and contributes independently to firm performance. This illustrates the mutual dependency between an individual manager's
work engagement and microeconomic determinants of firm performance.
Survey data on corruption are widely used to construct corruption indices, but are hardly questioned. How do individual experiences
shape perceptions of corruption? Do more work-engaged respondents perceive corruption as a bigger obstacle to business operations
than others? What role does answer bias play in corruption surveys? This article brings together several strands of literature
to discuss these questions, and tests them empirically with survey data from Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. We find that individuals
who are more work engaged report corruption as a bigger obstacle. So did respondents who were previously exposed to corruption.
We control for possible answer bias by implementing a randomised response technique, and find that corruption tends to be
under-reported. The effects of work engagement and prior exposure to corruption are more pronounced when the bias indicator
is considered, and again become stronger once we control for answer bias affecting past experiences with corruption.
Der Vortrag diskutiert die Zusammenhänge zwischen Außenwirtschaft und Entwicklungspolitik und betrachtet die Institutionen
als Voraussetzung für funktionierenden Freihandel. Zudem wird ein Überblick über EU-Strategien gegeben, wobei auch auf den
"Wettstreit der Entwicklungsmodelle" eingegangen wird.
Economics of Transition, 2016, (3), S.535-580
Online seit: 12.10.2016 15:00
Online seit: 21.12.2015 14:24
Online seit: 13.01.2016 11:49
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Recent studies have found reticent managers are less likely to report corruption than are non-reticent managers. We confirm
this using new data from Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. We find reticence greatly affects estimates of corruption for measures
based on both direct and indirect questions. We also find reticence affects response rates. Surprisingly, reticent managers
were less likely to refuse to answer questions on corruption than non-reticent managers, possibly because reticent managers
believe that refusing to answer seems like a tacit admission of guilt. Throughout the analysis, we control for the potential
endogeneity of the reticence measure.
This paper provides robust evidence on feedback effects of violent conflicts on firm growth. It uses South Asian firm level
data that contain rare employment information on countries that experience severe conflicts. We show that firm growth exists
in conflict areas. Yet, there are fewer expanding firms. They tend to grow slower than firms in other countries in the region,
and firms that shed staff decline faster. Particularly firms in urban conflict areas were performing less dynamically. The
results point at severe investment climate issues in conflict countries, which imply a lower degree of industrial and productivity
dynamics in afflicted regions.
World Bank Policy Research Working Papers, 2011, (5856)