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WIFO-Publikationen und Projektberichte(90 Treffer)

Elisabeth Christen, Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Christian Glocker, Harald Oberhofer, Österreich 2025 – Österreichs Wettbewerbsposition und Exportpotentiale auf ausgewählten Zukunftsmärkten

WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2017, 90(1), S.83-95
   
Die österreichischen Handelsbeziehungen konzentrieren sich nach wie vor in hohem Maße auf den europäischen Markt. Die Analyse einer Vielzahl von Indikatoren, die die künftige Importnachfrage mitbestimmen, liefert ein Bild des makroökonomischen Umfeldes und der mittelfristigen Wachstumsaussichten für 55 Wirtschaftsräume außerhalb der EU und der EFTA, die ein Potential für den Export heimischer Waren und Dienstleistungen bieten. Auf Basis eines Gravitationsmodells für bilaterale Waren- und Dienstleistungsexporte werden in der Folge wirtschaftspolitisch beeinflussbare Angebotsfaktoren identifiziert, die maßgeblich zur Verbesserung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit von Volkswirtschaften beitragen können. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehen Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Forschungs- und Entwicklungsintensität und der (öffentlichen) Ausgaben im tertiären Bildungsbereich sowie die Umsetzung einer nachhaltigen Energiepolitik. Unter der Annahme, dass Österreich in Bezug auf diese drei Wettbewerbsindikatoren zu den skandinavischen Ländern (Dänemark, Finnland, Schweden) aufschließen könnte, ergeben sich in den simulierten Alternativszenarien für alle Angebotsfaktoren positive Exportimpulse. Die höchsten Exportpotentiale werden in den Industrieländern in Übersee sowie in den BRICS-Ländern identifiziert; sie wären dank der soliden mittelfristigen Wachstumsaussichten in diesen Regionen zudem am besten zu realisieren.
 

Elisabeth Christen, Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Christian Glocker, Harald Oberhofer, Austria 2025 – Austria's Competitiveness and Export Potentials in Selected Markets

Projektpublikationen "Österreich 2025", Dezember 2016, 85 Seiten
   
Given the strong focus of Austria's trade relations on the Single European Market this study analyses the trade potentials for Austrian exporters in 55 selected economies outside the EU and EFTA. Specifically, the study examines the macroeconomic environments and medium-term growth prospects for selected regions by concentrating on a variety of relevant future import demand shaping characteristics. For the empirical assessment of Austrian export potentials in overseas economies, the analysis augments the standard gravity model for bilateral trade in goods and services with supply-side and competitiveness-enhancing (policy) measures available for all OECD members. In particular, the empirical model focuses on the export effects of R&D expenditures, the funding for tertiary education as well as sustainable energy consumption. Assuming that Austria could catch-up to the average of the Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden) in these three indicators, the results from alternative scenario analyses suggest positive export effects from all these different supply-side affecting variables. In quantitative terms the largest export gains are identified for the Industrial Countries in Overseas followed by the BRICS economies. These findings are additionally supported by solid growth prospects for these country groups.
The research programme "Austria 2025" has received funding from the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, the Oesterreichische Nationalbank, the Climate and Energy Fund, the Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, the Hannes Androsch Foundation at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The Austrian Chamber of Labour, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, the Austrian Chamber of Agriculture and the Austrian Economic Chambers funded each a project to be included into the research programme.
 
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 19.12.2016 0:00

Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Christian Glocker, Serguei Kaniovski, Thomas Url, Austria 2025 – The Effect of Human Capital Accumulation on Output Growth

Projektpublikationen "Österreich 2025", November 2016, 43 Seiten
   
The study measures the contribution of human capital to output growth in Austria. Human capital is usually referred to as the stock of knowledge and abilities of the labour force which raises productivity and can be attained by education or other processes. Following Katz – Murphy (1992), we construct a measure for the Austrian human capital stock. Using data on remuneration according to educational attainment, raw labour input is rebased into efficiency units. Applying a standard growth accounting approach we show the importance of human capital and education for the Austrian GDP growth. We are able to explain a part of the past output growth, which is otherwise subsumed in residual total factor productivity growth.
The research programme "Austria 2025" has received funding from the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, the Oesterreichische Nationalbank, the Climate and Energy Fund, the Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, the Hannes Androsch Foundation at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The Austrian Chamber of Labour, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, the Austrian Chamber of Agriculture and the Austrian Economic Chambers funded each a project to be included into the research programme.
 
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie – Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft – Oesterreichische Nationalbank – Klima- und Energiefonds – Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Soziales und Konsumentenschutz – Hannes Androsch Stiftung bei der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 01.12.2016 0:00

Christian Glocker, Domestic Activity Bolsters Economic Growth in Austria. Business Cycle Report of August 2016

WIFO Bulletin, 2016, 21(10), S.92-99
   
According to WIFO's latest Flash Estimate, Austrian real gross domestic product grew by 0.3 percent quarter on quarter in the second quarter of 2016 (trend-cycle component). Hence the underlying momentum of economic activity in Austria showed a similar upward trend as in previous quarters. Growth was largely driven by domestic demand, while net trade provided hardly any stimulus. The picture painted by leading indicators keeps improving, but the general sentiment remains subdued.
 
Online seit: 31.08.2016 0:00

Christian Glocker, Binnenkonjunktur stützt Wirtschaftswachstum in Österreich

WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2016, 89(8), S.531-538
   
Gemäß der aktuellen Schnellschätzung des WIFO stieg das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt in Österreich im II. Quartal 2016 gegenüber der Vorperiode um 0,3% (Trend-Konjunktur-Komponente). Damit war die Grunddynamik der heimischen Konjunktur im II. Quartal ähnlich aufwärtsgerichtet wie in den Vorquartalen. Maßgebend für den Zuwachs war die inländische Nachfrage, während die Außenwirtschaft kaum Impulse gab. Das Bild der Vorlaufindikatoren verbessert sich zwar weiter, die allgemeine Stimmung ist jedoch nach wie vor verhalten.
 
Online seit: 22.08.2016 0:00

Harald Oberhofer, Christian Glocker, Werner Hölzl, Peter Huber, Serguei Kaniovski, Klaus Nowotny, Michael Pfaffermayr (WIFO), Monique Ebell, Nikolaos Kontogiannis (NIESR, London), Single Market Transmission Mechanisms Before, During and After the 2008-09 Crisis. A Quantitative Assessment

Monographien, Juli 2016, 227 Seiten
   
This study analyses the main transmission mechanisms relevant for the absorption and propagation of asymmetries within the EU and EMU, putting a specific focus on Europe's real economy. In particular, the report aims to assess how the economic shock that triggered the financial and economic crisis has been transmitted and at least partially absorbed in the EU's real economy and the EMU member countries, from both a macro- and a microeconomic perspective. From a policy point of view, the results of the current study imply that, on account of the substantial heterogeneity among EU countries found in all parts of the study, "one size fit all" policies are likely to be very ineffective at increasing the resilience of the EU's single market.
 
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission, GD Wachstum
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – National Institute of Economic and Social Research, London
Online seit: 21.11.2016 0:00

Christian Glocker, Stronger Growth in an Environment Fraught with Risk. Economic Outlook for 2016 and 2017

WIFO Bulletin, 2016, 21(9), S.80-91
   
In 2016 and 2017, economic growth in Austria should pick up from the sluggish pace recorded in 2015. While leading indicators still give no clear hint for a substantial revival of activity, private and public consumption are fuelled by one-off factors, thereby supporting overall output growth. Gross Domestic Product is expected to gain 1.7 percent in volume, both in 2016 and 2017.
 
Online seit: 29.07.2016 0:00

Christian Glocker, Growth Accelerated in Austria at Start of the Year. Business Cycle Report of June 2016

WIFO Bulletin, 2016, 21(8), S.73-79
   
Austrian real gross domestic product increased by 0.5 percent quarter on quarter in the first quarter of 2016, according to WIFO's latest quarterly accounts (based on the trend-cycle component). Having grown at a robust pace last year, economic activity thus accelerated further. The growth spurt was mainly driven by domestic demand. Leading indicators are painting a continually improving picture, but the general sentiment remains subdued.
 
Online seit: 29.07.2016 0:00
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