Suche nach Publikationen

WIFO-Publikationen und Projektberichte(116 Treffer)

Elisabeth Christen, Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Christian Glocker, Harald Oberhofer, Österreich 2025 – Österreichs Wettbewerbsposition und Exportpotentiale auf ausgewählten Zukunftsmärkten

WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2017, 90(1), S.83-95
   
Die österreichischen Handelsbeziehungen konzentrieren sich nach wie vor in hohem Maße auf den europäischen Markt. Die Analyse einer Vielzahl von Indikatoren, die die künftige Importnachfrage mitbestimmen, liefert ein Bild des makroökonomischen Umfeldes und der mittelfristigen Wachstumsaussichten für 55 Wirtschaftsräume außerhalb der EU und der EFTA, die ein Potential für den Export heimischer Waren und Dienstleistungen bieten. Auf Basis eines Gravitationsmodells für bilaterale Waren- und Dienstleistungsexporte werden in der Folge wirtschaftspolitisch beeinflussbare Angebotsfaktoren identifiziert, die maßgeblich zur Verbesserung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit von Volkswirtschaften beitragen können. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehen Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Forschungs- und Entwicklungsintensität und der (öffentlichen) Ausgaben im tertiären Bildungsbereich sowie die Umsetzung einer nachhaltigen Energiepolitik. Unter der Annahme, dass Österreich in Bezug auf diese drei Wettbewerbsindikatoren zu den skandinavischen Ländern (Dänemark, Finnland, Schweden) aufschließen könnte, ergeben sich in den simulierten Alternativszenarien für alle Angebotsfaktoren positive Exportimpulse. Die höchsten Exportpotentiale werden in den Industrieländern in Übersee sowie in den BRICS-Ländern identifiziert; sie wären dank der soliden mittelfristigen Wachstumsaussichten in diesen Regionen zudem am besten zu realisieren.
 

Josef Baumgartner, Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Serguei Kaniovski, Hans Pitlik, Moderate Economic Growth – Unemployment Remaining High. Medium-term Forecast for the Austrian Economy Until 2021

WIFO Bulletin, 2016, 21(19), S.185-201
   
After the sluggish advance of 0.6 percent p.a. between 2012 and 2015, economic growth in Austria is expected to pick up to an annual rate of 1.5 percent over the period from 2017 to 2021. While firms may remain cautious in their investment behaviour and net exports contribute less to GDP growth than before the financial market crisis and the recession 2008-09, higher disposable incomes will push domestic private consumption growth to a rate of 1¼ percent p.a. (2012-2016 +0.3 percent p.a.). The stronger momentum of output growth will allow employment to expand by an average 1 percent p.a.; nevertheless, unemployment will keep rising, as supply of domestic and even more of foreign labour will outpace the creation of new jobs. By 2019-20, the jobless rate should reach a peak of 9.8 percent of the dependent labour force (national definition), before edging down to 9.7 percent by the end of the projection period. Inflation pressure stays low over the medium term, at an expected annual rate of 1¾ percent. The inflation differential vis-à-vis the euro area average is expected narrow noticeably. Given the business cycle profile and the economic policy assumptions underlying the projections, a balanced general government budget (headline deficit as well as in structural terms) may only be reached at the end of the forecast horizon. General government debt, as a ratio of nominal GDP, is set to decline from 2015 onwards by around 10 percentage points to 75¼ percent by 2021.
 
Online seit: 22.12.2016 0:00

Jürgen Bierbaumer-Polly, Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Quarterly National Accounts – Manual for Austria. Description of Applied Methods and Data Sources

Monographien, Dezember 2016, 42 Seiten
   
The Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) has compiled the official Austrian Quarterly National Accounts since many years. This publication reflects the current state of the Austrian QNA compilation framework, covering both the QNA Flash Estimates (released at the end of the first month following the reference quarter) and the regular release (published at the end of the second month following the reference quarter).
 
Auftraggeber: Statistik Austria
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 21.12.2016 0:00

Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Marginal Improvement in Global Economic Activity. Business Cycle Report of November 2016

WIFO Bulletin, 2016, 21(18), S.178-184
   
The Austrian economy expanded at a robust rate of 0.4 percent in the third quarter of 2016, in the context of the slightly improved picture painted by international indicators. Domestic demand remained the main driver of growth, while foreign trade once again had a dampening effect.
 
Online seit: 13.12.2016 0:00

Elisabeth Christen, Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Christian Glocker, Harald Oberhofer, Austria 2025 – Austria's Competitiveness and Export Potentials in Selected Markets

Projektpublikationen "Österreich 2025", Dezember 2016, 85 Seiten
   
Given the strong focus of Austria's trade relations on the Single European Market this study analyses the trade potentials for Austrian exporters in 55 selected economies outside the EU and EFTA. Specifically, the study examines the macroeconomic environments and medium-term growth prospects for selected regions by concentrating on a variety of relevant future import demand shaping characteristics. For the empirical assessment of Austrian export potentials in overseas economies, the analysis augments the standard gravity model for bilateral trade in goods and services with supply-side and competitiveness-enhancing (policy) measures available for all OECD members. In particular, the empirical model focuses on the export effects of R&D expenditures, the funding for tertiary education as well as sustainable energy consumption. Assuming that Austria could catch-up to the average of the Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden) in these three indicators, the results from alternative scenario analyses suggest positive export effects from all these different supply-side affecting variables. In quantitative terms the largest export gains are identified for the Industrial Countries in Overseas followed by the BRICS economies. These findings are additionally supported by solid growth prospects for these country groups.
The research programme "Austria 2025" has received funding from the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, the Oesterreichische Nationalbank, the Climate and Energy Fund, the Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, the Hannes Androsch Foundation at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The Austrian Chamber of Labour, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, the Austrian Chamber of Agriculture and the Austrian Economic Chambers funded each a project to be included into the research programme.
 
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 19.12.2016 0:00

Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Christian Glocker, Serguei Kaniovski, Thomas Url, Austria 2025 – The Effect of Human Capital Accumulation on Output Growth

Projektpublikationen "Österreich 2025", November 2016, 43 Seiten
   
The study measures the contribution of human capital to output growth in Austria. Human capital is usually referred to as the stock of knowledge and abilities of the labour force which raises productivity and can be attained by education or other processes. Following Katz – Murphy (1992), we construct a measure for the Austrian human capital stock. Using data on remuneration according to educational attainment, raw labour input is rebased into efficiency units. Applying a standard growth accounting approach we show the importance of human capital and education for the Austrian GDP growth. We are able to explain a part of the past output growth, which is otherwise subsumed in residual total factor productivity growth.
The research programme "Austria 2025" has received funding from the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, the Oesterreichische Nationalbank, the Climate and Energy Fund, the Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, the Hannes Androsch Foundation at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The Austrian Chamber of Labour, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, the Austrian Chamber of Agriculture and the Austrian Economic Chambers funded each a project to be included into the research programme.
 
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie – Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft – Oesterreichische Nationalbank – Klima- und Energiefonds – Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Soziales und Konsumentenschutz – Hannes Androsch Stiftung bei der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 01.12.2016 0:00

Sandra Bilek-Steindl, Leichte Aufhellung der internationalen Konjunktur

WIFO-Monatsberichte, 2016, 89(11), S.763-769
   
Vor dem Hintergrund einer leichten Verbesserung des internationalen Indikatorenbildes expandierte die österreichische Wirtschaft im III. Quartal 2016 robust um 0,4%. Wachstumstreiber war erneut die Binnennachfrage, während die Außenwirtschaft abermals dämpfend wirkte.
 
Online seit: 21.11.2016 0:00

Ihre Ansprechpersonen

Ilse Schulz

Mag. Ilse Schulz

Funktion: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin im Dienstleistungsbereich
Tätigkeitsbereiche: Redaktion, Website, Publikationen, Abonnentenbetreuung

Tamara Fellinger

Tamara Fellinger

Tätigkeitsbereiche: Redaktion, Website, Publikationen, Abonnentenbetreuung

Tatjana Weber

Tatjana Weber

Tätigkeitsbereiche: Redaktion, Website, Publikationen, Abonnentenbetreuung
Login-Formular