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WIFO-Publikationen und Projektberichte(9 Treffer)

Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Peter Huber (WIFO), Anna Raggl (WIC), Reaping the Benefits of Migration in an Ageing Europe. WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 7

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, Mai 2015, 16 Seiten, http://www.foreurope.eu
Unless labour force participation in Europe increases enormously in the coming decades, the current demographic dynamics will pose gigantic challenges to the sustainability of public finance. Migration (and thus migration policy) can thus be seen as a central topic which will remain on top of the policy agenda. The aim of this policy brief is to summarise the knowledge gained by the research efforts on this issue in the framework of WWWforEurope and to provide policy makers with new methods and research results which will allow them to better quantify the effects of policy changes.
 
Online seit: 28.05.2015 0:00

Wilfried Altzinger, Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Alyssa Schneebaum (WU Wien), Bernhard Rumplmaier, Petra Sauer (WIFO), Education and Social Mobility in Europe: Levelling the Playing Field for Europe's Children and Fuelling its Economy. WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 80

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, Jänner 2015, 46 Seiten, http://www.foreurope.eu
The persistence of socioeconomic outcomes across generations acts as a barrier to a society's ability to exploit its resources efficiently. In order to derive policy measures which aim at accelerating intergenerational mobility, we review the existent body of research on the causes, effects and the measurement of intergenerational mobility. We also present recent empirical works which study intergenerational mobility in Europe, around the globe, and its relevance for economic growth. We recommend four policy measures to reduce the negative impacts of intergenerational persistence in economic outcomes: universal and high-quality child care and pre-school programmes; later school tracking and increased access to vocational training to reduce skill mismatch and facilitate technological development; integration programmes for migrants; and simultaneous investment in schooling and later social security programmes.
 
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft mbH – Österreichische Austauschdienst-GesmbH
Studie von: Projekt-Konsortium WWWforEurope
Online seit: 01.04.2015 0:00

Peter Huber, Doris A. Oberdabernig (WIFO), Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Anna Raggl (WU Wien), Migration in an Ageing Europe: What are the Challenges? WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 79

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, Jänner 2015, 41 Seiten, http://www.foreurope.eu
We use new migration modelling and projection techniques in order to quantify the effect of migration in the context of ageing societies in Europe over the forthcoming decades. Using new empirical results, data and projections of migration flows developed in the framework of the WWWforEurope project, we inform the policy discussion concerning the role of demographic change, inequality dynamics, labour market integration of migrants and the sustainability of public finances in the continent.
 
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft mbH – Österreichische Austauschdienst-GesmbH
Studie von: Projekt-Konsortium WWWforEurope
Online seit: 01.04.2015 0:00

Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Petra Sauer (WU Wien), Samir K.C. (IIASA), Age-specific Education Inequality, Education Mobility and Income Growth. WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 6

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, Juni 2013, 30 Seiten, http://www.foreurope.eu
We construct a new dataset of inequality in educational attainment by age and sex at the global level. The comparison of education inequality measures across age groups allows us to assess the effect of inter-generational education attainment trends on economic growth. Our results indicate that countries which are able to reduce the inequality of educational attainment of young cohorts over time tend to have higher growth rates of income per capita. This effect is additional to that implied by the accumulation of human capital and implies that policies aiming at providing broad-based access to schooling have returns in terms of economic growth that go beyond those achieved by increasing average educational attainment.
 
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Studie von: Projekt-Konsortium WWWforEurope

Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Mathias Moser, Anna Raggl (WU Wien), On the Determinants of Global Bilateral Migration Flows. WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 5

WWWforEurope: Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe, Juni 2013, 21 Seiten, http://www.foreurope.eu
We present a method aimed at estimating global bilateral migration flows and assessing their determinants. We employ that fact that available net migration figures for a country are (nonlinear) aggregates of migration flows from and to all other countries of the world in order to construct a statistical model that links the determinants of (unobserved) migration flows to total net migration. Using simple specifications based on the gravity model for international migration, we find that migration flows can be explained by standard gravity model variables such as GDP differences, distance or bilateral population. The usefulness of such models is exemplified by combining estimated specifications with population and GDP projections in order to assess quantitatively the expected changes in migration flows to Europe in the coming decades.
 
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Studie von: Projekt-Konsortium WWWforEurope

Octavio Fernández Amador, Josef Baumgartner, Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Milking the Prices: The Role of Asymmetries in the Price Transmission Mechanism for Milk Products in Austria

WIFO Working Papers, 2010, (378), 19 Seiten
We assess empirically the vertical price transmission mechanism between producer and consumer prices of milk products in Austria using monthly data for the period from January 1996 to February 2010. We consider explicitly the existence of asymmetries in the adjustment to the long-run equilibrium using two different types of threshold vector error correction (VEC) models, where an inaction band in the adjustment to the long-run relationship is defined and alternatively where price dynamics differ between periods of increasing and decreasing trends in causal prices. Our results indicate that asymmetries play an important role in the pass-through of prices of milk products in Austria. We provide statistical evidence concerning the fact that the adjustment only tends to take place when deviations from the equilibrium are large enough. Milk, dairy and cheese products and butter tend to remain in positive margins (measured as deviations from the long-run equilibrium) for the retailers' side. The explicit modelling of non-linearities does not improve out-of-sample forecasting performance.
 

Josef Baumgartner (WIFO), Octavio Fernández Amador (Universität Innsbruck), Jesús Crespo Cuaresma (WU Wien), The Role of Asymmetries in the Price Transmission Mechanism for Milk Products in Austria

Projektberichte (abgeschlossen), Juli 2010
We assess empirically the price transmission mechanism between producer and consumer prices of milk products in Austria using monthly data for the period 1996-2008. We consider explicitly the existence of asymmetries in the adjustment to the long-run equilibrium using two different types of threshold VEC models. Our results indicate that asymmetries play an important role in the pass-through of prices for milk products in Austria. We provide statistical evidence concerning the fact that the adjustment only tends to take place when deviations from the equilibrium are large enough. Milk, butter and dairy products tend to remain in positive margins (measured as deviations from the long-run equilibrium) for the retailer, although this margin is negative for cheese. We also show that the explicit modelling of non-linearities improves out-of-sample forecasting, especially for consumer prices and in the long run.
 
Auftraggeber: Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung

Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Jarko Fidrmuc, Maria Antoinette Silgoner, Fundamentals, the Exchange Rate and Prospects for the Current and Future EU Enlargements: Evidence from Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Turkey

Empirica, 2008, 35(2), S.195-212
   
 

Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Ernest Gnan, Doris Ritzberger-Gruenwald, Searching for the Natural Rate of Interest: A Euro Area Perspective, in: Advances in Macroeconomics: Uncertainty, Theory and Policy Design

Empirica, 2004, 31(2-3), S.185-204
   
 
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